The high-level United Nations Conference to Support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development will be convened at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 to 9 June 2017. The Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation presents an action on 9 specific objectives.
Prevent and reduce marine pollution (#14-1)
At the initiative of the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, BeMed is providing support to local projects focused on pollution in the Mediterranean. The association aims at developing a network of NGOs, local communities, scientific institutions and private stakeholders working to combat marine pollution.
Sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems (#14-2)In the framework of the RAMOGE Agreement signed in 1976, Monaco, France and Italy have implemented a tool for scientific, technical, legal and administrative cooperation to take action for integrated management of their coastline.
The Pelagos Agreement signed in 1999, protects all marine mammals and their habitats from threats caused by human activity. It is managed by France, Italy and the Principality of Monaco, which hosts the Permanent Secretariat.
The Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (ACCOBAMS), signed in 1996, embodies riparian countries’ commitment to preserve all species of cetaceans and their habitats by applying measures to mitigate impacts of economic activities.
The Principality of Monaco’s two marine protected areas launched in 1976 and 1986 are established in a highly-urbanised environment, providing in-situ laboratories for scientists. They are managed by the Monegasque Association for Protection of Nature (AMPN).
Ocean acidification (#14-3)
The Monaco Ocean Acidification Association (AMAO) brings together Monegasque institutions and international bodies to put forward solutions for adapting to acidification.
Restore fish stockss (#14-4)The Government of Monaco and the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation launched in 2010 a call to the CITES concerning the risk of extinction of the bluefin tuna which raised awareness of all the stakeholders in the sector. Today they all recognise that the stocks are recovering.
The Monaco Blue Initiative, co-organized by the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation and the Oceanographic Institute is a think tank which brings together scientists, economists and policymakers, drafting analyses and recommendations on the links between MPAs and economic activities such as fishing and aquaculture.
Conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas (#14-5)
The Governments of Monaco, France and Tunisia, together with the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation, have established a trust fund to strengthen and develop MPAs in the Mediterranean. The fund’s priority is to improve effective management of these MPAs by funding ongoing administration costs.
Sustainable use of marine resources in small island states (#14-7)
The Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation supports projects for the sustainable use of marine resources in small island states such as Palau and Kiribati.
Increase scientific knowledge (#14-a)
The Monaco-based Mediterranean Science Commission (CIESM) has supported multilateral marine research in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea since 1910. It now has 23 member states.
The Scientific Center of Monaco studies tropical and Mediterranean coral ecosystems and the impact of global climate change on oceans, including acidification.
The 2017–2020 Monaco Explorations initiative, recently launched, will conduct research and scientific outreach projects on seas and oceans in the world.
The Government of Monaco and the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation initiated the recommendation submitted to the IPCC to produce a Special Report on Oceans and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate. The scoping meeting for the report was hosted in Monaco in December 2016.
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets (#14-b)
The Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation coordinates the Mr Goodfish programme in the Mediterranean. Its goal is to raise awareness among the public and professionals regarding the challenges of sustainable consumption of seafood products, encouraging consumers to buy fish caught by artisanal fishers.
Sustainable use of oceans by implementing international law (#14-c)
Monaco participates actively in discussions on the development, within the framework of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, of a legally binding international instrument on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in regions located outside national jurisdictions.